The upstream oil & gas services industry in Nigeria offers significant and sustainable operations for companies supporting the energy sector. These services are a critical part of the overall supply chain that ensures both new discoveries are brought to production and existing fields are kept operating efficiently. It is estimated that the upstream oil & gas industry is worth between $12bn to $15bn per year the majority of which is currently still spent with off-shore contractors. However, this is also starting to change as a consequence of the Nigerian Content Directive and as local companies develop partnerships with International technical affiliates and demonstrate their ability to deliver the requisite services in-country. In many cases, such as for offshore fabrication and subsea manufacturing, the push is for at least 50% local content of the tonnage work done in Nigeria.